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Information Sheets

Cats - Dental Disease

  • Maintaining good dental hygiene is as an important for our pets as it is for us. Gingivitis, plaque and tartar can all lead to other diseases throughout our body. It can cause pain, especially in the mouth.  Cats do not overtly show their pain, but they change their eating habits to avoid causing pain in their mouth.

Cats - Desexing

  • We recommend to desex your pet at 6 months of age
  • Desexing is a day procedure. The night before the operation your cat can eat its normal meal, but after 9pm take away all food. In the morning take away the water.

Cats - Fleas

  • Fleas are one of the most common parasites you will have to deal with.
  • Fleas feed on your pets blood, this can be irritating and can also contribute to anaemia. Fleas can also transmit other diseases as well!
  • Dealing with a flea outbreak can be quite difficult. Only a small part of the problem will be from the fleas on your pets, the rest will be from the environmental source. This can sometimes be a very difficult area to find or access and may be one of your pets favourite places to be. E.g under the house, under a bush.

Cats - Intestinal Worms

  • treat every fortnight from 2 weeks of age until 3 months of age,
  • then every month until 6 months of age,
  • then every 3 months for life
  • NB: Nursing mothers should be treated 10 days before queening and 10 days after queening
  • For cats that are difficult to tablet, Profender is a product that you can place onto the skin on the back of the neck to worm them. It can make a sometimes difficult job a lot easier.

Cats - Microchipping

  • all kittens that are sold or given away must, by law, be microchipped. A microchip can be placed at any time but it is commonly done when the kitten is desexed.
  • Remember to change your details with the local council if they are to change.

Cats - Ticks

  • The only registered product is Frontline spray. which will last for 3 weeks when sprayed properly
  • checking daily is the best prevention
  • It is really important to read the product label, there are many products available in dogs that CAN NOT be used in cats.

Cats - Vaccinations

1st vac - F4 at 8-10  weeks old
2nd vac - F4 at 12-14 weeks old 
Then yearly boosters for life.
F4 = Calicivirus, Herpes virus, Chlamydia (all contribute to causing cat flu) and Feline enteritis virus (causes gastro intestinal signs)

April Cat Assist Desexing Program

Cats - Accounts

Our Clinic is unable to offer accounts.

We request that full payment is made at the time of discharge or at completion of treatment, and we may ask for a deposit on admission in some circumstances.

Cats - Cat Flu

  • Is a frequently seen disease causes by a number of viruses and bacteria. Regular Vaccination can help prevent this disease. Once an animal has this disease it can recur through out their lives, especially during times of stress.
  • Often people will see runny eyes, sneezing or coughing. The severity of this disease can be quite debilitating, and enough to kill, especially in young animals.

Cats - Chronic Renal Failure

  • Renal failure occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to excrete all the bodies waste.
  • Renal disease can occur without Renal Failure as the body has a large reserve. In chronic renal disease, more than 2/3 of the kidneys are affected by the time we can detect disease, and that is with a blood test!
  • The early signs of renal disease can be an increase in your cats thirst, or an increase in the volume or frequency that your cat pees.

Cats - Cystitis and FLUTD (Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease)

  • Cystitis means inflammation of the bladder, or a bladder infection.

Cats - Diabetes Mellitus

  • Some people may know this as 'sugar diabetes'.
  • Animals that have Diabetes may have:
    • an increase in their thirst
    • urinate more frequently or in inappropriate locations
    • be frequently hungry
    • lose weight
    • Lethargy, tiredness
    • Poor Coat condition
    • If your pet is showing these signs, you should consider having a blood and urine test done.
  • Just like in people, this disease is more common in overweight cats
    • Older desexed male cats cats tend to be over represented as are Burmese Cats.

Cats - Heartworm

  • Not common but is often treated monthly for life in combination with some intestinal worming products.

Cats - Hyperthyroidism

  • The thyroid is  a two lobed gland with one gland located on each side of the windpipe (trachea) in the neck area. The thryoid gland produces thyroid hormone which is released into the blood stream and act on cell in the body. This hormone controls the rate at which every cell in the body functions. Too much thyoid hormone causes every cell to work too fast (Hyperthyroidism)
  • The common signs that we can see are Increase in apetite but they still lose weight. Patchy hair loss,  increased thirst and urination, hyperexcitability, vomiting or diarrhoea.

Cats - Pet Insurance

  • It is worth considering Pet Insurance, as it can make some pretty expensive bills a lot more affordable. We normally suggest you contact your normal insurer who may have insurance to cover your pet for a additional monthly fee.
  • You will need to check just what they cover, in our area, it would be preferable to have some cover against Snakes and Tick intoxications.

Cats - Reducing Stress for your Cat

  • A stressed cat may appear nervous, fearful or aggressive. It may be easily excited or irritated, jumpy or timid.
  • to reduce stress it is important to avoid punishing your cat even when the behaviour is inappropriate.
  • It is really important to keep your cat active.

Dogs - Behaviour & Training

  • The training of your puppy starts from when you get them home.

Dogs - Dental Care

  • 80% of Pets over the age of three have some form of Dental disease.
  • Dental disease can cause pain, and also affect all the organs in the body by slowly releasing bacteria into the blood stream. This has been known to cause, Liver disease, heart disease and kidney disease.
  • Our pets don't cry when they are in pain. They are forced to get on with life, and adjust. This means, most dogs with dental disease will change the way they eat, by eating on one side of their mouth.

Dogs - Desexing

  • We recommend desexing at 6 months of age.This is normally when your puppies adult canines have come through.
  • This is normally before your female dogs first heat and before your male dogs testosterone driven behaviours have set in, like roaming and peeing all over everything.
  • It is normally a day surgery with your pet coming in between 8 and 9am. Your pet will normally go home between 4 and 5pm. We normally require a couple of days notice to book your pet in.

Dogs - Fleas

Fleas are typically are a very annoying problem for you and your pet. They can also be carriers of worms, like the Tapeworm. In our area fleas breed all year round, although they tend to be a little slower through winter. An adult flea can lay 2000 eggs in its lifetime. You can now see why your environment can quickly become overloaded with fleas. About 95% of the flea problem then remains OFF your pet. Without good environmental control measures or consistent treatment, you will never get rid of the fleas.

Dogs - Heartworm

It is important to understand that if you are using an intestinal allwormer, that this does not cover your pet against Heartworm. Heartworm is a worm that is spread by infected mosquitos. When an mosquito carrying the juvenile heartworm feeds on your dog, the worm can spread into the tissues and eventually the blood stream of your dog. It will eventually lodge in the lungs and migrate to the heart where it causes Lung disease and Heart failure. Heartworm can rarely find humans and other animals as a host.

Dogs - Microchipping

  • all puppies that are sold or given away must, by law, be microchipped. A microchip can be placed at any time but it is commonly done when the puppy is desexed.
  • Don't forget to change your details with the local council if your circumstances change.

Dogs - Pet Insurance

  • It is worth considering Pet Insurance, as it can make some pretty expensive bills a lot more affordable. We normally suggest you contact your normal insurer who may have insurance to cover your pet for a additional monthly fee.
  • You will need to check just what they cover, in our area, it would be preferable to have some cover against Snakes and Tick intoxications.

Dogs - Ticks

  • Tick season starts in August and is at its Peak during Spring. During spring your pet may need to be clipped to make searching easier. All pets should be searched every day.
  • There are products available that can help minimise the chances of your pet being affected by Ticks. No product is 100% effective and it is extremely important that you search your pet, even when using a product.
  • If your dog is affected by a tick you may notice a change in its bark. It may also vomit or gag.

Dogs - Accounts

Our Clinic is unable to offer accounts.

We request that full payment is made at the time of discharge or at completion of treatment, and we may ask for a deposit on admission in some circumstances.

Dogs - Eye Health

Do you have a problem with your dogs eyes???

This website is set up by an opthalmologist in Brisbane. It is a great website to help explain some of your pets eye conditions. It also has a great section on how to deal with blind animals.


Dogs - Intestinal Worms

There are four main types of worms that we are concerned with in our pets. They are Roundworms, Hookworms, Whipworms and Tapeworms. Round worms and Hook worms are both considered zoonotic. This means they can potentially affect us, and especially small children. Worming your pet is therefore really important throughout their life for their own protection and your families.

The worming Protocols sometimes vary depending on what product you use. If you are planning to use an Intestinal Allwormer than the program we recommend is:

Dogs - Toxic Foods

There are certain foods that are not safe for your pet to eat.

Dogs - Vaccination

Dogs have three vaccinations as puppies.

June Dog Assist Desexing Program

Keen Street Veterinary Clinic has offered discounted desexing rates in June for the last 5 years for dogs to help reduce the number of unwanted animals. It has been very successful. We also offer a similar scheme for cats as we believe that it is important to desex your pets.

Puppy Preschool

Puppy Preschool is highly recommended for puppies aged between 6-16 weeks of age(as this is their best learning period), for a safe, supervised start to socialising your puppy.

All puppies must have had at least their first vaccination, this gives an opportunity for a 'safe' environment to introduce them to different puppy sizes and breeds of similar ages, different people & children.

Cattle - Botulism

Botulism is a bacteria that can cause a fatal paralysis. It can be vaccinated against.

There are a number of potential sources of botulism poisoning:


2)Contaminated Water Sources

3)Fertilizing Pasture With Chicken Manure

All farmers who feed out sileage should consider using this vaccine. We do see outbreaks in this area of botulism. There is no treatment for Botulism, and will often affect large numbers in the herd. It is often found in dead carcasses, but can also be found in some birds and around watering holes.

Cattle - Bovine Ephemeral Fever (Three day sickness)

This is a virus spread by mosquitos. It commonly causes problems in Summer.  Animals that are affected will commonly seek shade and become stiff in the joints. They can become so ill that they won't get up and some animals can die. Most animals that recover from the disease have a long lasting immunity. Animals that are worth considering vaccinating are valuable animals and bulls. Vaccination must be carried out yearly to stay effective.

Cattle - Buffalo Fly

Is a common parasite in this area. It can cause production loss by fly worry, It can cause severe damage to animals that are sensitive to it and spend large amounts of time scratching themselves and can also spread disease like Pink eye.

Treatments that can be used are sprays, back rubs and ear tags.

It is also important to keep a healthy population of dung beetles on your farm as this will reduce the number of flies that hatch out.

This is the link to the dpi fact sheet on buffalo fly control.

Cattle - E Coli

Is a bacteria that will often cause calves to present with an extremely watery yellow to white diarrhoea that is maloderous. Dehydration must be managed in these calves. It can also cause disease in other parts of the body as well. Vaccination is available and recommended when this bacteria has been confirmed to be a problem on your farm. Confirmation can be made through laboratory testing.

Cattle - Feeding

Supplemental nutrition can be very important in certain times of the year. It is important to maintain cows in good body condition to avoid many of the diseases that we will commonly see. An animal with good nutrition is more likely to have a good immune system and more likely to recover from diseases without intervention.

Cattle - Flood Mud Scours (Yersinia)

Cattle - Intestinal Worms

This includes Barbers pole worm, Cooperia, Nematodirus, Ostertagia.

It is really important to have a good worming protocol to control these worms.

These are the NSW DPI recommendations for cattle worm control

Basics Of Cattle Worm Control

Cattle - Liver Fluke

Is a common parasite that we see, especially in the low flat countryside where you can get pooling of water and the cattle can access creeks and rivers.

The most important time to drench is in Late autumn when there are both immature and mature worms around. Most drenches containing triclabendazole will kill Liver fluke down to about 2 weeks of age.

Cattle - Manheimia

Is a bacteria that causes respiratory disease. This vaccine should be considered to be used in feedlot situations or where their has been a confirmed diagnosis of Manheimia on the farm.

Cattle - Paralysis Tick (Ixodes Holycyclus)

The Paralysis tick can cause signs in young animals and animals that are newly introduced to this area from an area that does not have the Paralysis tick. Animals that are affected may initially appear slow, and calves may stop feeding. Most animals start with weakness in the hindlegs, with the paralysis quickly affecting the animals front legs and possibly their breathing muscles. The Paralysis tick can be fatal in calves and non immune older cattle.

Cattle - Pestivirus

Is an extremely common virus in Australian herds. It is a disease that can manifest in many different ways including abortions, dummy calves, deformed calves and illthrifty calves that may suffer from pneumonia and diarrhoea. it is estimated that 80% of australian herds have this disease on it. It often becomes endemic on a herd. Whether to institute a vaccination protocol is a difficult question to answer. It depends on your individual circumstances.

Cattle - Pink Eye

Pink eye is commonly caused by a bacteria called Moraxella bovis. There is currently a trivalent vaccine that has been released to help prevent disease. The bacteria commonly invades the eye and causes ulceration of the eye and without treatment cows can become completely blind. The bacteria is spread easily by Flies, dust, grass and close contact. 

Prevention: Preventative tactics can include isolating affected animals, maintaining shorter pastures to avoid damage to the eye from grass seeds, limiting yarding during very dry dusty periods and implementing vaccination.

Cattle - Poisonous Plants

Plant poisonings occur relatively commonly in our area

Peak times that plant poisonings occur are during or just following drought when available pasture becomes scarce and animals are forced to eat whatever vegetation is available.

In order to prevent poisonings supplementary feeding should be undertaken during these times of limited pasture availablity, and animals should be restricted from grazing areas with known poisonous plants.

Cattle - Salmonella

Is a bacteria that can cause severe diarrhoea and septicaemia (blood infection). It is also a zoonotic disease, this means that people are able to contract it from infected animals. Vaccination is recommended when you have this disease diagnosed on your farm.

Cattle - Vaccinations

In this area, all farmers should vaccinate with '5 in 1' at least. This covers against the five fatal Clostridial diseases that we can see. The vaccine is not particularly expensive, and well worth using.

Caring for Wildlife

If you find any sick or injured wildlife, please contact Northern Rivers Wildlife Carers on 6628 1866.

You can also visit their website for more information.

Please remember to NEVER touch bats, phone the wildlife carers to deal with bats.

Other wildlife can be placed in a secure cardboard box with air holes until you contact the wildlife carers.